|Grand Prix entries / driven||12 / 12|
|Grand Prix driven - all cars ||39|
|Pole Positions ||8|
|Fastest race laps ||9|
|First entry||France 1954|
|Last entry||Italy 1955|
Mercedes-Benz (sometimes shortened to just Mercedes or Benz) is a German brand name of automobiles, buses, coaches, and trucks created for Daimler-Benz AG and now owned by DaimlerChrysler AG. The Daimler-Benz company originated on June 28, 1926 when two companies, Benz & Cie. and Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft (DMG), the inventors of the automobile, merged.
Established in 1871, Benz & Cie. was the most important of several companies founded by Karl Benz. DMG was founded by Gottlieb Daimler and his partner Wilhelm Maybach in 1890, but Daimler died in 1900 and Maybach left DMG in 1907, by which time the two companies were rivals. In 1924, owing to economic necessity after World War One, they entered into an "Agreement of Mutual Interest" (valid until the year 2000), however, this initial agreement still allowed each company to manufacture and sell their products under their original brand names. It was only after the 1926 official merger, that the brand Mercedes-Benz was created and used.
Mercedes-Benz is the brand name applied to the models of one of the premier automotive manufacturers in the world and, because of its tie to Karl Benz, it is also the name of the world's oldest continuously produced automobile line. In 1926 when the new company, Daimler-Benz was established through merger, a new logo also was created that would include a symbol for each and integrate the names of the two former companies. A three-pointed star had been designed by Gottlieb Daimler, to show the ability of his motors for land, air, and sea use. This star first appeared on a DMG model in 1909, so it was chosen for the new logo. However the brand name Daimler was compromised after the death of Daimler in 1900, and allowed to be used on other automobiles, so the name of its seminal Mercedes model was chosen for the DMG portion of the logo. The traditional laurel symbol of Karl Benz was added along with his name to complete the new logo. The logo with a plain ring, as seen today, was not used until 1937.
Mercedes-Benz automobiles have introduced— both in the past and present — many technological and safety features (see details below). It was in 1998, when Daimler-Benz and Chrysler agreed to combine their businesses — known as the "merger of equals", that a new entity, DaimlerChrysler AG was created.
Both companies founding the brand, Mercedes-Benz, when they merged in 1926 were successful in motor racing throughout their separate histories. Both had entries in the first automobile race Paris to Rouen 1894.
The Mercedes Simplex of 1902, built by DMG, was the first purpose built race car — much lower than their usual designs — which were similar to horse carriages; that model dominated racing for years. In 1914, just before the beginning of the First World War, the DMG Mercedes 35 hp won the French Grand Prix, which was a blow to the French at that time.
Karl Benz's company, Benz & Cie. built the "bird beaked", Blitzen Benz that set land speed records several times, reaching 228.1 km/h in 1909. That record gained that model the reputation of being faster than any other automobile — as well as any train or plane. They constructed many aerodynamically designed race cars. The Benz Tropfenwagen is described as having a teardrop shape and it was introduced to motorsport in the 1923 European Grand Prix at Monza.
In the 1930s, the new joint company, Daimler-Benz, with their mighty Mercedes-Benz Silver Arrows, dominated Grand Prix racing in Europe together with its rival, Auto Union, while setting speed records up to 435 km/h (270 mph). The team was guided by the great Rennleiter (racing team manager) Alfred Neubauer until the company ceased racing.
In 1952, Mercedes-Benz returned to racing with their small and underpowered gull-winged Mercedes-Benz 300SL, which won the 24 hours of Le Mans, the Carrera Panamericana, and did well in other important races such as the Mille Miglia. On 4 July 1954 Mercedes-Benz returned to Formula One racing with a one-two win at the French Grand Prix with the Mercedes-Benz W196. Mercedes-Benz dominated Grand Prix and sports car racing until retiring its teams at the end of the 1955 season, as planned at the beginning of that year. In addition, the Le Mans 1955 disaster, where a Mercedes-Benz 300SLR collided with another car and killed more than eighty spectators, caused the cancellation of several races that year.
Mercedes-Benz entered some big limousines in rallying in the 1960s and late 1970s. It was intended to enter rally racing with the Mercedes-Benz W201 in the early 1980s. Yet, as all wheel drive and turbochargers were introduced by the competition (Audi Quattro) at that time, this was cancelled. Instead, on August 13–21, 1983 at the Nardo High Speed Track in southern Italy, the new compact-size W201 190 class, sporting a 16-valve engine, built by Cosworth, broke three FIA world records after running almost non-stop (only a 20-sec pit stop every 2½ hours) in a total of 201 hours, 39 minutes, and 43 seconds—completing 50,000 km at maximum speed of 247 km/h. It went on to become the 190E 2.3-16 touring model. Mercedes-Benz returned to sports car racing, (Sauber-Mercedes-Benz winning the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1989) and DTM touring car racing in the late 1980s.
In 1994, the Indianapolis 500 was won with an engine from Mercedes-Benz which, realizing that a loophole in the rules for production-based engines would include any pushrod engine, built a very unusual purpose-built pushrod engine with a significant power advantage. This was done knowing that the "forgotten" loophole would be closed immediately after they took advantage of it, and so the engine would in fact be usable only for this single race.
In 1993 Mercedes-Benz made its return to Formula One as an engine supplier to the debut F1 team Sauber, with a V10 engine manufactured by Ilmor. In 1995, the normally aspirated Mercedes-Benz-Ilmor F1-V10 moved to McLaren, replacing Peugeot. Mercedes-Benz increased its shareholding in the Ilmor company in 1996 and took full control in 2005. They have continued to design and build engines for McLaren. In the opening race of the 1997 Formula One season David Coulthard produced victory for Team McLaren Mercedes-Benz, and ushered in a new era of success. It was a significant result in racing, McLaren's first victory for three seasons and the first win for Mercedes-Benz since Juan Manuel Fangio's success at the 1955 Italian Grand Prix. McLaren and Mercedes-Benz went on to win one constructors' championship in 1998 and two drivers' championships in 1998 and 1999. However, recent years have seen a significant decline in Mercedes-Benz's F1 success, as they won just four races over three years, while suffering numerous engine failures and retirements. The 2005 season was much more successful for McLaren, winning ten of the nineteen races, but finishing second to Renault in the constructor's title, and with its driver Kimi Räikkönen finishing second in the Driver's title to Fernando Alonso of Spain. The 2006 season seems to indicate a return to the F1 front for the English-German outfit and their "silver arrows" (Silberpfeile).
Mercedes-Benz and McLaren have, in 2003, jointly created a supercar. The Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren has a carbon-fiber body with a 5.5l V8 supercharged engine. This is the same block as featured in other Mercedes-Benz automobiles, such as the SL55 AMG and the CLS55 AMG, it has however been tweaked to give 454kw and 780nm of torque. supercars in Woking (McLaren’s manufacturing headquarters). The most recent new joint-venture model, expected to reach production, is the mid-engine P8 supercar. Based around a unique carbon fiber monocoque, manufactured by McLaren, the P8 was originally predicted to receive the new naturally aspirated 6.3L V8 from Mercedes-AMG, but experts now say that the engine will be modified for the car and will probably be twin- turbocharged to produce in excess of 600 bhp. The car is still in development, but likely to reach production to go on sale in early 2008, and have a price tag less than that of the SLR.
The "Safety cage" or "Safety cell" construction with front and rear crumple zones—considered by many as the most important innovation in automobile construction from a safety standpoint, and now used in nearly all cars and trucks—was first developed by Mercedes-Benz in 1951.
Anti-lock brakes (ABS) were used first in Mercedes-Benz cars in 1978. They have been standard equipment on all Mercedes-Benz cars since model year 1989.
Mercedes-Benz - first cars to use traction control Introduced in 1986 to reduce wheelslip/spin in wet or icy conditions.
The first airbags offered in the North American market were in Mercedes-Benz automobiles in 1986. Also the first manufacture to include airbags as standard safety equipment on its cars.
Mercedes-Benz was the first to introduced pre-tensioners to seat belts on the 1981 S-Class. In the event of a crash, a pre-tensioner will tighten the belt almost instantaneously, preventing the passenger from jerking forward in a crash.
Stability control, brake assist, and many other types of safety equipment were all developed, tested, and implemented into passenger cars—first—by Mercedes-Benz. Mercedes-Benz has not made a large fuss about its innovations and has even licensed them for use by competitors—in the name of improving automobile and passenger safety.
The fastest (production) automatic road car in the world, is the Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren at 334 km/h (208 mph). The car was co-developed by DaimlerChrysler and McLaren Cars. It is assembled at the McLaren Technology Centre in Woking, England. Although some consider the Bugatti Veyron 16.4 as the fastest automatic, the transmission used in that car is an automated manual and not a true automatic with a torque converter.
The fastest street-legal saloon car in the world is the Mercedes-Benz BRABUS (tuned) W211 'E V12' - based on the E-Class saloon. The car uses a tuned version of the AMG biturbo V12 engine which now produces 640 bhp (471 kw) and over 1000 Nm (757 lb-ft) of torque, the top speed was recorded as 350.2 km/h (217.6 mph) in Nardo, Italy.
The (W211) E320 CDI which has a (VTG) turbocharged, 3.0L V6 common rail diesel engine, set a new world endurance record for covering 100,000 miles (the equivalent of four times round the Earth, which has a circumference of approximately 24,900 miles) in record time with an astonishing average speed of 224.823 km/h (140 mph). Three identical cars did the endurance run (one set above record) and the other two cars set world records for time taken to cover 100,000 km and 50,000 miles respectively. After all three cars had completed the run their combined distance of 300,000 miles is one-and-a-quarter times the distance from Earth to the moon (all records were FIA approved).
One of the most powerful naturally aspirated eight cylinder engine in the world is the Mercedes-AMG, 6208cc M156 V8 engine. It is the first engine in the world to combine large displacement with the high-revving concept, allowing it to produce around 20 percent more torque than comparable naturally aspirated engines in this performance class. The V8 engine will be badged '63 AMG' and will replace the '55 AMG' M113 engine in most models (exceptions include the SL55 and G55 AMG which will retain the M113 engine). The M156 engine was first slated to produce 510bhp, however this was downrated to 503 bhp and 630 Nm of torque in the production models; specific output will vary slightly depending on the model of car.
"Mercedes-Benz", a song by Janis Joplin and Michael McClure, famously sung a cappella by Janis Joplin, was intended as a gentle satire on materialism, but, ironically, has since been used in the automobile brand's advertising and later was used in a BMW advertisement on German TV; the driver of a BMW Z3 convertible raised his eyebrows after the first "buy me a Mercedes-Benz" and threw out the tape after "my friends all drive Porsches."
Mercedes-Benz was the most popular brand name mentioned in Billboard Top 20 songs in 2003 and again 2005.
Since 1948, Mercedes-Benz has built the Unimog, or "Universal Motor-Gerät", a 4WD truck. It features extreme offroad capability due to offset axles and elastic frame, drive shafts for numerous additional machines, hydraulic and pneumatic connections, etc. Despite its high price, the Unimog is popular as allround work horse, as snow plow, expedition vehicle in desert, jungle, and mountains, and it has won the truck class at high speed desert races such as Paris-Dakar, and is used in some countries by their armed forces.
Mercedes-Benz claims all of the wood used in its modern automobiles is raised on tree farms. This claim has not been confirmed.
The first Daimler-Benz factory to be built outside of Germany after World War II was in Argentina. It originally built a massive number of trucks, some of which were slightly modified (by Mercedes-Benz) to Truck-Busses, popularly named Colectivo (in Buenos Aires).
The "New Russians" cliché includes driving a Mercedes S 600, see Russian jokes: New Russians.
In the popular animated show The Simpsons, Dr. Hibbert runs into and kills the family's cat with his Mercedes-Benz SUV.
In September 2003, Mercedes-Benz introduced the world's first 7-speed automatic transmission called '7G-TRONIC'.
A Mercedes-Benz advertisement is seen before The Lost World: Jurassic Park on an original VHS copy of the 1997 movie (since Mercedes-Benz SUVs are used in the film).
In the comedy Rat Race, Jon Lovitz and his family steal Adolf Hitler's 1930s Mercedes-Benz from a neo-Nazi museum when their Ford Aerostar is sabotaged. The vehicle is later destroyed by a female biker gang (after Lovitz accidentally flips the bird at them) and crashes into a World War II veterans Convention (with Lovitz looking like and speaking like Hitler because of the ordeal).
The vehicle in the 8 minute short film C'était un rendez-vous, a no-holds-barred romp through the streets of 1976 Paris, was commonly believed to be a Ferrari 275 GTB, due to the engine sound. A recent interview with the producer, Claude Lelouch, revealed that the camera-carrying vehicle was actually a 6.9L Mercedes-Benz 450SEL 6.9, with sound dubbed over.
Mercedes-Benz has been a force in motor sport since 1894. The first four cars home in the race from Paris to Rouen on 22nd July in that year were powered by a 954cc V2 engine designed by Gottlieb Daimler. The Daimler victory set the ball rolling and in subsequent decades countless races were won. For the Nice-Salon-Nice race of 1901, Daimler’s cars were entered under the name Mercedes for the first time, after the daughter of the Daimler importer and racing driver, Emil Jellinek. The event was won by the Mercedes of German Wilhelm Werner.
On 3 June 1934, Manfred von Brauchitsch won the Eifel race at the Nürburgring at the wheel of a Mercedes W25 after the car’s white coloured paintwork had been sanded down to reduce weight. The Mercedes-Benz cars then appeared in the aluminium body’s silver colour which marked the Silver Arrow’s birthday.
On 4 July, 1954, Juan Manuel Fangio drove his W196 streamline to victory in the French Grand Prix at Reims which he won ahead of his team mate Karl Kling. It was the first Formula One race win for Mercedes-Benz. HIGHLIGHTS OF THE MERCEDES-BENZ MOTOR SPORT HISTORY
Camille Jenatzy drives a Mercedes to victory in the Gordon Bennett race held in Ireland.
Christian Lautenschlager wins the French Grand Prix in Dieppe, his Mercedes crossing the finish line ahead of the two Benz Grand Prix cars driven by the Frenchmen Héméry and Hanriot.
The top three places in the French Grand Prix are filled by 4.5-litre Mercedes racing cars. The winner is Christian Lautenschlager. Ralph de Palma takes victory in a Mercedes in the Vanderbilt race in the USA.
Ralph de Palma wins the Indianapolis 500.
Rudolf Caracciola takes Mercedes to a first win in the German Grand Prix on the Avus circuit in Berlin.
Caracciola drives a Mercedes S to victory in the Eifel race, the first to be held on the Nürburgring.
Caracciola is crowned European Champion at the wheel of a Mercedes SSK sports car.
Caracciola takes victory in the European Hill-Climb Championships in a Mercedes SSKL.
Manfred von Brauchitsch wins the Eifel race in a Mercedes-Benz W25 built to comply with the regulations of the new 750 kilogram Grand Prix formula. In order to meet the weight limit, the car’s white paintwork has to be sanded down during the night, exposing its aluminium body. This heralds the birth of the Silver Arrows. Caracciola and Fagioli win the Grand Prix races in Italy and Spain.
Mercedes sweeps to victory in seven Grand Prix races. Caracciola is crowned European Champion.
Caracciola takes first place in the Grands Prix in Monaco and Tunis.
Mercedes drivers win six Grands Prix: Hermann Lang (2), Manfred von Brauchitsch (1) and Rudolf Caracciola (3).
Mercedes takes four Grands Prix titles. Caracciola once again takes the European title.
Mercedes wins five Grands Prix. Hermann Lang is the new European Champion.
After the end of the Second World War, Mercedes-Benz resumes its motor sport activities, announcing its return in sports car racing. Hermann Lang and Fritz Rieß drive a 300 SL to victory in the 24 Heures du Mans, and Karl Kling wins the Carrera Panamericana Mexico.
Mercedes-Benz returns to Formula One with a triumphant 1-2 victory by Juan Manuel Fangio and Karl Kling in the French Grand Prix. The race marks the debut of the W196 Formula One car powered by a 2.5-litre eight-cylinder in-line engine. Fangio follows up the win with three more first places to clinch the World Champion's title.
Mercedes-Benz wins six grand prix races with the W196. Stirling Moss takes his first British Grand Prix victory at Aintree; Fangio records five race victories and wins his second World Champion's title with Mercedes.
At the end of 1955 Mercedes-Benz ceases its involvement in motor sport.
On its return to motor sport with the Swiss Sauber team, Mercedes-Benz enters the World Sports Prototype Championship, lining up on the grid with its partner AMG in the German Touring Car Championship (DTM).
Mercedes-Benz wins the World Sports Prototype Constructors’ Championship and Jean-Louis Schlesser takes the Drivers’ title. The C9 finishes first and second in the 24 Heures du Mans.
For the second year in succession, Mercedes-Benz wins the Constructors’ and Drivers’ titles in the World Sports Prototype Championship with the Jean-Louis Schlesser/Mauro Baldi driver partnership. Mercedes juniors Michael Schumacher, Heinz-Harald Frentzen and Karl Wendlinger experience a racing baptism of fire in Group C sports cars.
The Schumacher/Wendlinger junior driver team takes victory with the C291 at Autopolis, Japan; Mercedes-Benz announces its withdrawal from the World Sports Prototype Championship and its decision to concentrate instead on the DTM. The Sauber team switches its attentions to Formula One.
Klaus Ludwig and the AMG team win the German Touring Car Championship (DTM) with the Mercedes 190 E.
Sauber receives the support of Mercedes-Benz in Formula One -“concept by Mercedes- Benz” - and finishes in sixth position in the Constructors' rankings, after taking fifth position (J. J. Lehto) in the very first race. Late that year, Mercedes-Benz announces its motor sport concept for 1994. Following the acquisition of a holding in Ilmor Engineering, the new package now covers the partnership with Sauber in Formula One, with Mercedes-Benz as engine supplier, and with Penske in the IndyCar race series. Mercedes celebrates its 50th win in the DTM and finishes the season as runner-up in the championship.
Al Unser Jr. wins the Indianapolis 500 in a Penske car powered by a Mercedes-Benz pushrod engine. Klaus Ludwig and the AMG team take the DTM title with the Mercedes- Benz C-class. Mercedes drivers win eleven of the series’ 24 races. On 28th October 1994 Mercedes-Benz and McLaren announce the signing of the contract covering their long-term partnership in Formula One. The agreement takes effect from 1995.
McLaren Mercedes finishes fourth in the Constructors’ Championship in its first year as a Formula One team. Mika Hakkinen takes second place in Italy and Japan. Bernd Schneider drives his AMG C-class car to victory in both the DTM and the International Touring Car Championship (ITC). Al Unser Jr. finishes as runner-up in the IndyCar series.
McLaren Mercedes takes fourth position in the Constructors’ rankings. Mika Hakkinen is fifth in the Drivers’ standings with David Coulthard in seventh place. Together they achieve six podium finishes and score points on fifteen occasions. Bernd Schneider is runner-up in the ITC with his AMG C-class, with Mercedes drivers taking six race victories.
Driving the new silver design Team McLaren Mercedes cars, David Coulthard wins the Australian and Italian Grands Prix races to take third place in the Drivers’ table. Mika Hakkinen takes the chequered flag first in the European Grand Prix and finishes the season in sixth position.With six wins from eleven races AMG-Mercedes and Bernd Schneider clinch the FIA GT Championship. In the CART series Mercedes-Benz takes the manufacturers’ title after notching up nine wins in 17 races.
Mika Hakkinen and Team McLaren Mercedes take both the Drivers’ and Constructors’ titles. Hakkinen wins eight times, with David Coulthard taking one Grand Prix victory, and third place in the rankings. Klaus Ludwig, Ricardo Zonta and AMG Mercedes pick up the drivers’ and team prizes in the FIA GT Championship. AMG Mercedes win a record ten out of ten races. Greg Moore is victorious in two CART races with his Mercedes-Benz powered Reynard.
Mika Hakkinen retains his Formula One World Championship crown with five Grands Prix victories. Team McLaren Mercedes finishes as runner-up in the Constructors’ Championship. David Coulthard wins two Grands Prix and finishes the season fourth in the Drivers’ standings.
Team McLaren Mercedes are the runners-up in both the Drivers’ Championship, with Mika Hakkinen, and the Constructors’ rankings. Mika Hakkinen wins four Grands Prix and David Coulthard finishes in third position overall, after three individual victories. Bernd Schneider takes the title in the new-format DTM with six wins.
Team McLaren Mercedes secures the runner-up positions in both the Drivers’ and Constructors’ Championships, with David Coulthard finishing second and Mika Hakkinen fifth. Both drivers take two victories. Bernd Schneider takes the second successive title in the new DTM with three wins.With eight wins from ten races Mercedes-Benz is again the most successful manufacturer in the German touring car series.
Team McLaren Mercedes finishes the Constructors’ Championship in third place overall. David Coulthard, who wins the Monaco Grand Prix, ends up fifth overall in the Drivers’ Championship whilst his new team mate Kimi Raikkonen comes home sixth. Both drivers, as well as third driver Alexander Wurz, form the Team McLaren Mercedes line-up for 2003 after Mika Hakkinen announces his retirement in July. In the DTM, Mercedes-Benz drivers win five out of ten races, among those is series newcomer Jean Alesi. Bernd Schneider takes the runner-up position and Mercedes-AMG/Vodafone win the teams’ title.
David Coulthard wins the season’s first race at Melbourne with Kimi Raikkonen clinching his first Grand Prix victory two weeks later at Kuala Lumpur. The Finn finishes the season runner-up; after 16 races he was two points behind champion Michael Schumacher. Team McLaren Mercedes finishes the Constructors’ Championship in third place overall. Bernd Schneider (Vodafone AMG-Mercedes) clinches his fourth DTM title to add to his previous in 1995, 2000 and 2001. Mercedes-Benz drivers win nine out of ten races. In the new Formula 3 Euro Series, seven drivers in three teams race with the Mercedes-Benz engine M271 achieving six victories out of 20 races. Christian Klien in the Mücke team’s Dallara Mercedes comes home runner-up in the championship and wins the prestigious F3 Masters at Zandvoort. He changes to Formula One for 2004.
Kimi Raikkonen wins the Belgian Grand Prix at Spa-Francorchamps, comes home second at both Silverstone and Säo Paulo and ends up third in the inaugural Chinese Grand Prix. In the Drivers’ World Championship he finishes seventh overall; Team McLaren Mercedes is fifth in the Constructors’ Championship. David Coulthard leaves the team after 150 Formula One races with Juan Pablo Montoya becoming Kimi’s new team mate foor 2005. Gary Paffett (C-Class AMG-Mercedes) wins three DTM Championship rounds as well as the Shanghai invitational. The HWA team rookie ends up runner-up. Dallara Mercedes driver Jamie Green wins the Formula 3 Euro Series title. His team mate Alexandre Prémat scores victories in the prestigious Masters at Zandvoort and the season highlight at Macau.
Team McLaren Mercedes wins 10 out of 19 Formula One races they competed in. Kimi Raikkonen wins seven Grands Prix and Juan Pablo Montoya takes three victories. The Finn ends the season as runner-up; the team finishes the Constructors' Championship also in second place. In 19 races, the Team McLaren Mercedes drivers post the fastest lap 12 times, they achieve 18 out of 38 possible podium finishes and lead 592 out of the season's 1,180 race laps – more than any other team. Gary Paffett clinches the DTM title. The Englishman wins five out of 11 races; Jean Alesi, Mika Hakkinen and Bernd Schneider take three more victories for Mercedes-Benz. Mercedes-Benz also clinch the manufacturers' title and – with DaimlerChrysler Bank AMG-Mercedes – the teams championship. 20-year old Lewis Hamilton who has been supported by Formula One partners McLaren and Mercedes-Benz since 1998 wins the Formula 3 Euro Series. At the wheel of the French ASM team's Dallara Mercedes Hamilton achieves 15 wins in 20 races.